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Title: 《左传》使动双宾语结构再探 = The causative double-object construction of Zuozhuan
Authors: Voon, Xin Yi
Keywords: DRNTU::Humanities::Language::Linguistics
Issue Date: 2011
Abstract: 本文主要从孙志阳(2006)《〈左传〉中的使动用法》出发,针对《左传》中 所谓的使动双宾语结构进行讨论。由于立足于语言类型学和认知语言学的理论框架, 孙志阳一文丰富及深化了我们对上古汉语中的使动双宾语结构的认识。虽然如此, 孙志阳文中还存在一些问题并没有获得妥善的解决:即从构式语法出发,他无法解 释上古汉语的双宾语结构怎么能赋予动词一个额外的役事论元? The main objective of this piece of work is to explain how the double-object constructions in Archaic Chinese can assign an extra causee argument from the perspective of Construction Grammar, which was previously not well addressed in the work of Sun Zhi Yang’s “The Lexical Causative of the Zuozhuan”. Based on the literature survey, we found 7 verbs of yin, shi, yi, pei, fu, zhen, sheng 饮、食、衣、佩、负、枕、生 belong to the causative of double-object constructions. Our works found that yin, shi, pei 饮、食、佩 belong to “causative/dative” whereas the verbs formed by fu, zhen, sheng 负、枕、生 belong to “causative” and the double-oject constructions formed by yi 衣 which lies between “dative/causative” and “causative”. We believe that the “recipient” of the double-object construction is literally similar with the “recipient/causee” of the ingestive double-object constructions and based on this transition of “recipient/causee” to “causee”. Based on this, the structure of double-object construction obtains the ability of assign an extra “causee” argument.
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