In vitro activity of chitosans in combination with antibiotics against pseudomonas aeruginosa and staphylococcus aureus.
Date of Issue2010
School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Chitosan and its derivative water soluble chitosan oligosaccharide are used in a variety of applications in pharmaceutical preparations. In this study, 2 wild (ATCC 15729, PAOl) and 2 mutant strains (PT121, PT149) of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and one strain of MRSA Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC43300) are investigated for drug-drug interactions in vitro. Ten antimicrobial agents (antibiotics) are combined with different degree of deacetylated chitosans and chitosan oligosaccharide. All the chitosans exhibit synergistic activity with sulfamethoxazole against all P. aeruginosa strains. Chitosan oligosaccharide-sulfamethoxazole and high molecular weight chitosan-sulfamethoxazole combination are more effective than other chitosan preparations against S. aureus.
Nanyang Technological University