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Title: Numerical modeling of the impacts of high-albedo roofs on building energy
Authors: Wardana, Malindo.
Keywords: DRNTU::Engineering::Mechanical engineering
Issue Date: 2012
Abstract: The effectiveness of cool roof to reduce air-conditioner electric consumption in a test building located in Singapore is to be determined by simulations using EnergyPlus. A model for the simulations is developed in Google SketchUp and IDF Editor. Before the model is simulated, it is calibrated to determine the approximate value of concrete’s material properties used in test buildings’ envelopes. The calibration is done by matching roof outside and inside temperature data resulted from simulations and the one obtained from measurement. After obtaining a good approximation of the values, simulations are run to analyze heat transfer mechanism in building envelopes. The results show that roof gains significant heat from outdoor environment. It also transfers most of those heats to room’s air, making air-conditioner expends huge energy to remove it. Then cool roof is employed and reduction in heat gain to the roof is examined. The energy savings (in kWh and SGD) achieved is also presented. Lastly comparison between cool roof and other cooling strategies i.e. adding roof insulation and changing the glazing material is given. The comparison proves that cool roof is the best method to reduce air-conditioner electric consumption in Singapore climate condition.
Rights: Nanyang Technological University
Fulltext Permission: restricted
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:MAE Student Reports (FYP/IA/PA/PI)

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