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Title: Nonlinear regression approach for GPS multipath mitigation : from code to carrier-phase measurements
Authors: Phan, Quoc Huy
Keywords: DRNTU::Engineering::Computer science and engineering::Computing methodologies::Artificial intelligence
DRNTU::Engineering::Electrical and electronic engineering::Satellite telecommunication
DRNTU::Engineering::Electrical and electronic engineering::Electronic systems::Signal processing
Issue Date: 2012
Source: Phan, Q. H. (2012). Nonlinear regression approach for GPS multipath mitigation : from code to carrier-phase measurements. Master’s thesis, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
Abstract: Multipath, where GPS signals arrive by more than one path and thereby create a range error, has remained the long-lasting major error source in GPS solutions although having been a target of the GPS research community since the day the system started operating. Seeking to understand the GPS multipath errors, this report aims to ef?ciently mitigate multipath effects at observable levels to improve the accuracy and precision of GPS solutions.Based on an analysis of the geometry of a multipath signal's reflections, and the principle of GPS receiver's tracking loop, geometrical models of multipath errors are developed at observable levels (both code and carrier-phase multipath). More specifically, multipath errors corresponding to a satellite are mathematically proven to be functions of the satellite's geometry with respect to a receiver which is parameterized by azimuth and elevation angles. Hence, the problem of multipath error estimation amounts to a regression problem where the multipath functions are approximated using training data. Whereas the theory behind regression problem is robust, the regression problem solution would be feasible as long as a priori data (e.g. training data) is available. As code multipath errors can be easily isolated using a combination of GPS measurements and satellites' geometrical information can be computed using orbital information broadcast from the satellites, training data for the problem code multipath error estimation can be extracted. An experiment was conducted to demonstrate the performance of the proposed method. A real data set was recorded at 0.1 Hz during 5 days to use for the experiment. After training the multipath estimators with data from 31 visible satellites over four days using the epsilon-SVR algorithm, multipath estimation and correction have been performed on the data from the successive day. Results show approximately 80% reduction in term of code multipath error standard deviation, the proposed method shows great promise for understanding and removing multipath errors. Advantageously, while being scalable with data rate, the proposed method is shown to be not harmful to other signals (simulation). An analogous experiment was also conducted to address carrier-phase multipath error. Unfortunately, for a standalone receiver, carrier-phase multipath error cannot be isolated by a combination of measurements as has been done with code multipath error, a carrier-phase double difference between two short-basedlined receivers needs to be made. It results in combinatorial carrier-phase multipath error of 4 satellite-receiver pairs involved in double-difference. Mitigation of this error is beneficial for relative positioning applications. With the same rationale, the multipath error is modeled as a function of the geometries of 4 satellite-receiver pairs. Training the multipath estimation using 1-Hz data from two short-baselined stations of IGS network, preliminary experimental result showed 57% reduction in multipath error for a pair of satellites. My next target is to unify an evaluation framework for multipath mitigation problems with well-defined tests, and evaluation criteria, as this is missing in the literature. Whereas further experiments on carrier-phase multipath mitigation as well as on data recorded from the field need to be done, there is also still room for improvement in multipath estimation algorithms with the focus on computational complexity reduction and incremental learning ability. Integration of the new signals in GPS modernization plans is also worth exploring.
DOI: 10.32657/10356/50722
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:SCSE Theses

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