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Title: The effect of self-efficacy and prior experience on the calibration between confidence and accuracy
Authors: Goh, Joseph
Lee, Angie
Tan, Darrel
Keywords: DRNTU::Social sciences::General::Education
DRNTU::Social sciences::Sociology::Social behavior
DRNTU::Social sciences::Psychology::Consciousness and cognition
Issue Date: 2013
Abstract: The relationship between self-efficacy, prior experience, confidence, and calibration in a general knowledge test is the key impetus and question that drive this research. To answer this question, a research design involving 146 undergraduates from Nanyang Technological University (NTU) was conducted. Quantitative data was collected from a self-report survey and general knowledge test: 19-item Self-Efficacy Self-Report Scale (SESRS – Erford, Schein & Duncan, 2011), and 20-item General Knowledge Test. SPSS v.20 software is used for quantitative data analysis. On the whole, this study shows a significant and positive relationship between self-efficacy and confidence, as well as between self-efficacy and calibration. Also, empirical evidence garnered showed a slight association between prior experience and calibration. Theoretically, this study has contributed to the understanding of the complex relationship between self-efficacy, prior experience, confidence, and calibration. Practical implications such as how to enhance self-efficacy and calibration for undergraduate to further enhance their learning and future applications of good decision-making, as well as the limitations of this study and future research are presented. Keywords: self-efficacy, prior experience, confidence, accuracy, calibration, general knowledge
Rights: Nanyang Technological University
Fulltext Permission: restricted
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:NBS Student Reports (FYP/IA/PA/PI)

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