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Title: A FPGA-based ultrasonic voice detection platform for whisper to voice reconstruction
Authors: Fan, Gaofeng
Keywords: DRNTU::Engineering::Computer science and engineering::Hardware::Logic design
DRNTU::Engineering::Computer science and engineering::Hardware::Input/output and data communications
Issue Date: 2013
Abstract: Whisper speech is common for people in private conversion, but is also a side effect for Laryngectomy patients who have had part of, or all of their larynx removed. A novel engineering approach building upon a Code Excited Linear Prediction (CELP) codec was developed [1] to turn whispers to voice. The intention was to help post-laryngectomized patients regain the ability to speak. The current project is devoted to the hardware implementation of the techniques used. Most importantly, an ultrasound voice activity detection system has been developed from this framework and implemented on FPGA. It includes 14-21 kHz low frequency ultrasonic generation as a source signal emitted toward the talker. The waveform reflected back contains vital information about the speech, like mouth opening/closing. Those message could be further processed in real time on the FPGA and facilitate the rebuilding of voice from whispers. The scope of the current project is to build the hardware platform and evaluate the function of mouth state detection (which is an important method of synchronizing any speech codec and of rejecting acoustic background noise). The frequency range chosen for the ultrasound (14-21 KHz) is predominantly unnoticeable for most adults while it is compatible with a large number of standard microphones/speakers (thus not requiring specialized acoustic equipment). As a result, the system is also capable of assisting mobile communication for whisper-to-voice conversion when the speakers do not desire to speak loudly, or where speech-like background babble is present during a conversation. The hardware platform, comprising audio codec and FPGA, has been completed under the work of this thesis, including design and construction of a miniature high quality low-frequency ultrasonic audio processing board. Low-frequency ultrasonics (14-21 KHz) generation and mouth status detection digital systems were also designed and implemented on FPGA. The work builds the foundation for future implementation of the whole modified CELP algorithm and the whisper to voice reconstruction system on FPGA.
Fulltext Permission: restricted
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:SCSE Theses

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