In-process monitoring and characterization of arc welding.
Wong, Yoke Rung.
Date of Issue2012
School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Inspection of weld quality is critical because it ensures the integrity of structures. There are many available methods for monitoring and diagnosis of the weld quality. However, most of them are off-line and thus make the quality monitoring and remedial measures difficulty and costly. In this research, a real-time quality monitoring and diagnosis method based on the input electrical impedance of the arc welding is proposed. It is obtained by taking the quotient of input voltage to current which both signals are measured simultaneously at the output terminal of welding machine. Two time record data, real part and imaginary part, or the resistance and reactance of impedance reflect the system property of arc welding which is represented by an equivalent circuit. This equivalent circuit consists of resistor, inductor and capacitor connected in series. Therefore, any abnormal change of arc welding will be reflected by the time variation of these components.