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Title: Average velocity of bedload particle in uniform open channel flows
Authors: Tang, Qi.
Keywords: DRNTU::Engineering::Environmental engineering::Water supply
Issue Date: 2013
Abstract: Use of laboratory flume model to define the reach-averaged velocity of a single spherical particle rolling over an ideally closely packed particle bed obtained under different uniform flow conditions. This experiment aims at simulating the bedload particle rolling and saltation in rough open channels as a function of the following variables: (1) water surface or friction slope Sf, (2) flow depth h, (3) particle size ds, (4) viscosity of the fluid ν, (5) excess specific gravity Δ, and (6) gravitational acceleration g. The designed flume flow specifications has been well controlled and measured, flow was relatively shallow (1.2 < h/ds < 2.0), the Froude number within a wide range (0.7 < Fr < 1.6), friction slope varied (0.005 < Sf < 0.032). This study model may be applicable to a real condition such as rapids over gravel beds at mountain vale. As the result of this project, an fitting empirical solution is offered where Vp ≈ 9.28 u*exp(-0.015/τ*). It is expressed as a function of Shields number τ* (function of Δ, ds, h, g, Sf), could be able to approximate the reach-averaged particle velocity in a rough open channel. A more detailed analysis of force interactions which tend to propel and retard particle in contact-load motion will be discussed.
Rights: Nanyang Technological University
Fulltext Permission: restricted
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:CEE Student Reports (FYP/IA/PA/PI)

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