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Title: A novel electronic paper display based on in-plane dielectrophoresis
Authors: Tng, Li Hui.
Keywords: DRNTU::Engineering::Nanotechnology
Issue Date: 2013
Abstract: Since the success of the Amazon Kindle in 2009, electronic paper displays have become one source of great competition for the next major technological product breakthrough. Currently, majority of commercially-available e-book readers utilize electrophoretic displays which operate by moving charged particles using an electric field. This study explores an alternative approach to achieve an electronic paper display using the combined effect of negative dielectrophoresis (DEP) and dipole interactions. The formation of words is studied using polystyrene particles in a non-uniform AC electric field on a prototype display. Building upon previous investigations on the effect of particle size, inter-electrode gap, electric field frequency and applied voltage, this paper focuses on the effect of different concentrations of organic and electrolytic media on the response rate and transmittance of the dielectrophoretic electronic paper display. Ethanol and KCl were selected as the organic and electrolytic media respectively. It was found that both Ethanol and KCl reduced the response rate and transmittance as their concentrations increased. This trend was in accordance to reduced dielectrophoretic force predicted by the Clausius-Mossotti factor for the concentrations studied. However, further studies on the performance of Ethanol and KCl suspensions in various electric field frequencies resulted in anomalous data that could be attributed to the chemical and physical characteristics of non-polar organic and electrolytic media respectively. Overall, DI water emerges as the recommended choice due to its fastest response, highest transmittance and ease of handling. Having determined the optimal conditions and materials for the proposed dielectrophoretic display, it is recommended that the design of the display be further improved to achieve reversibility of word formation and also reduce the problem of electrode fouling.
Rights: Nanyang Technological University
Fulltext Permission: restricted
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:MAE Student Reports (FYP/IA/PA/PI)

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