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Title: Biaxial failure response of composite laminates
Authors: Koh, Kelvin Chang Rong.
Keywords: DRNTU::Engineering::Materials::Composite materials
Issue Date: 2013
Abstract: Fiber reinforced polymer composites are increasingly used in a variety of industries including aerospace, defence, sports and wind energy due to their high specific strength, stiffness and toughening mechanisms. The ability to mix and match material properties for composite laminates positions it more favourably over traditional engineering alloys like steel and aluminium. The uniaxial failure of composites under tension and compression is well understood along with competing failure modes. Large composite structures are generally made by wet-lay up techniques, which is prone to the presence of cracks. Despite the numerous strong attributes of composites, the anisotropic nature of the material makes it difficult to predict its failure response mode using existing models established for isotropic alloys. This report seeks to understand glass fiber reinforced plastics (GFRP) failure response under biaxial loading, crack sensitivity and its impact on strength of the material. In this report, an instrumented biaxial test system for composite laminates is described. Based on the load capacity of the test frame, cruciform type of laminates are designed, fabricated and tested with and without the presence of cracks to estimate the failure surface or behaviour. This report uses commercially available G10 composites and GFRP G17500 in cross-ply configuration to perform uniaxial and biaxial experiments. The failure is found to be fracture toughness controlled under uniaxial tension for the notched sample, whereas it seems to be stress controlled under biaxial loading conditions. The measured strain gauges reading are compared with the digital image correlation (DIC) calculations from the displacement field captured using a video camera.
Schools: School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 
Rights: Nanyang Technological University
Fulltext Permission: restricted
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:MAE Student Reports (FYP/IA/PA/PI)

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