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Title: Dielectric elastomer generator
Authors: Zeng, Geng
Keywords: DRNTU::Engineering::Mechanical engineering::Alternative, renewable energy sources
Issue Date: 2013
Abstract: In this project, the performance of the graphite and silver as electrodes on Dielectric Elastomer Generator (DEG) were studied. With various strains applied on the dielectric layer as well as the initial voltages applied on the electrodes, the samples were tested and measured. These results were useful in the analysis for the efficiency of energy harvesting in future. The fabrication process and the difficulties encountered were elaborated prior to the commencement of experimental exploration. The working principle and theory for DEG was covered in literature review which had been used to analyze the experimental data obtained. There were some findings and verifications through the study. There were some findings in this project. The efficiency was dependent on the initial charging voltages and the pre-strains. From the results, the initial primed voltage applied would affect on the energy generated. The higher initial voltage, the better average energy conversion performance but up to breakdown limit of individual electrode materials. The best performance of the voltage generation for both of graphite (340% increment) and silver electrodes (130% increment) was at 0.5 kV prime voltage. Initial voltage of 1KV looked more representative for its stability for graphite electrode while the initial voltage of 1.5KV more favourable for silver electrode. But less effective voltage generated was observed with higher pre-strain. The voltage and the capacitance were inversely proportional to each other provided the charge was constant. The change in area under different pre-strain will be measured and the changes in thickness of dielectric layer were used to calculate the theoretical capacitances. With that, the estimation of voltage generation could be achieved for given charges. To quantify the charge loss from DEG was another issue which to be addressed. The conductivity or resistance of the different electrodes would cause some loss of charge from DEG. The conductivity of the electrodes and the capacitance of the dielectric layer were also measured. The results could be used to compare the theoretical and experimental values and determined how accurate of the experiment could be. In additional, there were some other factors affecting the efficiency of DEG. Upon accomplishing this project, the author realized that there were still plenty rooms for future researches and improvement in this field of study.
Rights: Nanyang Technological University
Fulltext Permission: restricted
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:MAE Student Reports (FYP/IA/PA/PI)

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