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Title: 东方主义版的南洋 :论李忆莙《遗梦之北》叙事 = The orientalist version of Nanyang : an examination of the narrative of Li Yijun' Yimeng Zhi Bei'
Authors: 陈丽艳 Ding, Lay Yen
Keywords: DRNTU::Humanities
Issue Date: 2013
Abstract: 本文通过 “东方主义”与“叙事学”的分析角度,解读马华小说家李忆莙第三部长篇小说《遗梦之北》所欲传达的“文化马来西亚”与“一个极富东土思维的南洋”的题旨。试论其荣获香港《亚洲周刊》“2012年十大小说”是否恰如奖项的肯定,充分地展现出作为马华文学作品应有的精髓。马华文学传承的是民族族群的精神面貌,再现的是本土色彩的关怀。本文发现,李忆莙的《遗梦之北》背离了作为马华文学最基本的理念。作者李忆莙以复杂的人事关系为题材,絮絮地讲述了横跨三代、纵横北马小镇、新村的人是人非,透过把玩神秘而鬼魅的“宿命”元素,操控小说里华人的命运,挑逗着小说外读者的胃口。作者将“南洋”用以“神秘”薄纱来装饰的作法,虽增添了小说的娱乐性,却削弱了小说再现“本土色彩”的功能。本论文透过人物以及情节这两大部分的剖析,揭示作者所假设的核心内涵——“文化马来西亚”与“一个极富东土思维的南洋”的对立的关系,这不仅影响小说的叙事主题,也严重扭曲了《遗梦之北》的本土色彩。本文透过萨义德的《东方学》主义,批判《遗梦之北》的南洋形象的叙事与再现。最后发现,李忆莙《遗梦之北》所传达的不过是一个东方思维与南洋的再版,一个极富西方霸权主义之下的殖民色彩与异国情调的论调。 Through "Orientalism" and "Narratology" analyzing perspective, this thesis aims to examine Malaysian Chinese author Li Yijun's third novel Yimeng zhi bei themes, which consist of "Culture of Malaysia" and "A Nanyang filled with thinkings of the east". This thesis also aims to examine whether the novel earns to it' s reputation as Hong Kong Asia Week "2012 Top Ten Novel", as well as to see if it really demonstrated the essence of which Malaysian Chinese literary works should posses of. As Malaysian Chinese Literature deliver the spirit of the ethic group, the aim is to revive the native, but Li’s Yimeng zhi bei seems deviated from the original intention. Using the complex human relationships as storyline, Li wrote about the stories across three generations of people, from Northern Malaysia to "New village"(xin cun). In order to attract reader's attention, the novel introduces mysterious "fate" elements into the stories, which controlled the lives of the Chinese characters. The Nanyang created by author was enveloped in a shroud of mystery, this enhanced the storyline of the novel, but on the other hand, this also weakened its function of representing the localness (native) of Malaysia. By analyzing the characters and plots of Yimeng zhi bei, this thesis try to reveal the inverse relations of the two main subject - "Culture of Malaysia" and "A Nanyang filled with thinkings of the east". This problem not only affects the narrative theme of the novel, but also distorted its localness (native) of Malaysia features. This thesis uses Edward Said's Orientalism to criticize Li Yijun's Yimeng zhi bei narrative and representation of the image of Nanyang. Li Yijun's Yimeng zhi bei conveyed nothing but a reprint of oriental thinking of Nanyang, which is just a very colonial and exotic argument under Western hegemony.
Rights: Nanyang Technological University
Fulltext Permission: restricted
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:HSS Student Reports (FYP/IA/PA/PI)

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