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Title: 鲁迅对新马华人社会的影响 :二战后至文革时期 = The impact of Lu Xun on Singapore and Malaysia Chinese society post-world war two till cultural revolution
Authors: 郑翊涵 Tay, Yi Han
Keywords: DRNTU::Humanities::Language::Chinese
Issue Date: 2014
Abstract: 韩山元(笔名章翰、马德等)的《鲁迅与马华新文艺》指出,鲁迅是对新马华文文艺影响最大、最深、最广的中国现代文学家。从苗秀、王润华和方修等人的研究中也可以得到证实。但是,鲁迅的影响不单涉及文学,韩山元也提到,鲁迅在新马社会运动的各条战线上产生深远影响。因此,我们有必要探讨鲁迅对新马华文文学之外的影响。鲁迅将文学视为一种宣传工具,在他的文字中体现他的精神与思想。人们透过他的作品得到启发,将其思想加以运用,新马华文文艺家也包括其中。通过观察鲁迅在各层面的影响,我们才能完全掌握鲁迅对新马华社的影响。东南亚经过二战洗礼,独立意识萌芽,整个区域开始走向独立的道路。反殖民统治的浪潮开始掀起,受英国殖民的新马也不例外。基于殖民者声势浩大,单凭一人之力无法打倒,所以在反殖民统治时需要一位有感召力的精神领袖来团结人民,领导反殖爱国运动。在华人人数占了接近半数的新马,鲁迅成为华社一致推崇的反殖民象征的人物。韩山元是反殖民的参与者,对鲁迅也极为推崇。因此,本文利用与韩山元进行的专访以及所参获的资料,从新马社会与华文文艺界的视角进行分析,探讨二战后至文革时期鲁迅思想对新马华社的重大影响。Han Tan Juan (Pen Name: Zhang Han & Ma De etc.) concluded in his book “Lu Xun and Malaya Chinese Literature”, that Lu Xun the China writer has the greatest impact on Malaya Chinese Literature. This point can also be verified from the works of Miao Xiu, Wong Yoon Wah and Fang Xiu etc. In addition, Han Tan Juan also mentioned that the Malaya Chinese Society was also under the heavy influence of Lu Xun. Thus, there is a need for us to probe Lu Xun’s influences on other grounds. Lu Xun views literature as a tool to get his thoughts across to people. His works enlightened and inspired people, including Malaya Chinese who use it to strive for a better future. Only through thorough investigations, we are then able to fully determine the impact of Lu Xun on Malaya Chinese Society. After World War Two, South East Asia move towards gaining independence and breaking free from Colonial Rule. Malaya was no exception. However, it is difficult for the people to topple the mighty colonial government. To ensure that their goal can be fulfilled, the people required a symbol head to unify the masses and lead them against the Colonial Government. With a Chinese population that is almost half of the country’s population, Lu Xun was elected by the Chinese as the symbol head in Malaya. Han Tan Juan was actively involved in activities regarding the overthrowing of the Colonial Government and a loyal supporter of Lu Xun, thus his recount will be helpful towards this paper. By using an exclusive interview with Mr Han Tan Juan and references materials that were available, this paper will analyse the Malaya’s Society and Malaya Chinese Literature, thus coming to a conclusion regarding the impact of Lu Xun on Malaya Chinese Society from the post-World War Two era till the Cultural Revolution period.
Rights: Nanyang Technological University
Fulltext Permission: restricted
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:HSS Student Reports (FYP/IA/PA/PI)

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