Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/59306
Title: Effects of free travel programme on commuter behaviour : evidence from individual office access records
Authors: Hong, Shengkai
Liew, Rong Qi
Saw, Han Lyn
Keywords: DRNTU::Social sciences::Economic theory::Microeconomics
Issue Date: 2014
Abstract: The Travel Smart Pilot Programme was implemented to reduce morning peak hour congestion by providing free fares to early commuters, giving them the incentive of fare savings when one commutes during off-peak hours. It aims to redistribute peak demand over a wider time period. This paper analyses the effect of this programme on individual travel behaviour. The dataset used consists of electronic records of a building that tracks 1726 workers’ individual behaviour over time. It is found that the overall shift to earlier travel in response to the programme is very small. However, this average response masks considerable heterogeneous effect exhibited by individuals. Thus, we need to characterize individual response with respect to their opportunity cost of time involved when they take advantage of free fares. We found that individuals who require a time shift of more than 45 minutes are less elastic in their response. This elasticity falls rapidly to 0 when the time shift required increases. Therefore this paper provides one of the first empirical analyses on the willingness to change travel behaviour in response to the implementation of free travel programme.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10356/59306
Rights: Nanyang Technological University
Fulltext Permission: restricted
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:HSS Student Reports (FYP/IA/PA/PI)

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