Investigation of interconnect layout on CU/Low-K TDDB reliability
Ong, Ran Xing
Date of Issue2015
School of Materials Science and Engineering
Traditionally, conventional test structures and standard voltage biasing is used for the accelerated TDDB testing. However, the standard layout and bias conditions used are not representative of the actual circuit. Hence, in this project the influence of layout and biasing of the test structure on TDDB lifetime is examined. First, the effect of area was examined. It was found that lifetime data gathered from small head-to-head geometries commonly seen in actual circuits cannot be extrapolated to large are conventional comb structures. Secondly, the effect of having adjacent metal lines in close proximity was studied. The interaction of the electric field between adjacent electrodes was found to lead to a decrease in the TDDB lifetime. Finally, the effect of electromigration (EM) in the metal line was investigated. Compressive stress induced by EM deforms the metal line, leading to reduction of the dielectric spacing, causing the TDDB to be shortened.
DRNTU::Engineering::Materials::Microelectronics and semiconductor materials