Graphene-based composites for electrochemical energy storage
Date of Issue2015
School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences
Achieving secure, clean and sustainable energy production, storage, and consumption are, perhaps, the greatest technical and social challenge that the world are facing. The key achievement is not only to explore renewable and sustainable energy sources but also, perhaps even more importantly, to store energy efficiently and deliver on demand. The realization of high performance electrochemical energy storage devices is no doubt strongly dependent on the achievements of multidisciplinary sciences, including materials sciences, chemistry sciences and physical sciences etc. Graphene, a single atomic layer of sp2-bonded carbon atoms, has attracted worldwide interest because of its intrinsic difference from other forms of carbon allotropes. Graphene is particularly suitable for the implementation in electrochemical applications due to its remarkable electrical conductivity, large specific surface area, unique heterogeneous electron transfer and charge carrier rates, and good electrochemical stability. This thesis focuses on the synthesis and characterization of low-dimensional carbon materials, including graphene oxide/graphene, graphene foam (GF), GF/carbon nanotubes (CNTs) hybrids, and their composites with nanostructured metal oxides. The application of these graphene-based materials in electrochemical energy storage devices is also explored. The thesis consists of three parts: Introduction (chapter 1), Main text (chapters 2-5), and Conclusion, Comments and Future Work (chapter 6).