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Title: Dissecting the role of the unfolded protein response during lipid perturbation in C. elegans
Authors: Koh, Jhee Hong
Keywords: DRNTU::Science
Issue Date: 2016
Abstract: Metabolic diseases such as obesity and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are emerging disorders that affect the global population. One facet of the disorders is attributed to the disturbance of the membrane phospholipid ratio. The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is the main organelle for protein and lipid synthesis. Perturbation of ER homeostasis through change in membrane phospholipid composition results in activation of the unfolded protein response (UPR) and causes translational and transcriptional changes in an organism. There are three UPR transducers in mammals, which are ATF6, IRE1, and PEK1 that mediate cellular processes related to the UPR. Most studies have implicated roles of UPR in proteotoxic stress caused by misfolded protein accumulation and little has been done on lipid perturbation mediated ER stress. We utilized DNA microarray to identify changes in UPR signaling during lipid perturbation induced by silencing phosphoethanolamine methytransferase (pmt-2) gene in C. elegans. Preliminary data show that a distinct group of UPR related genes are activated during lipid perturbation and absence of one UPR sensor may lead to compensation by alternative UPR transducers.
Rights: Nanyang Technological University
Fulltext Permission: restricted
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:SBS Student Reports (FYP/IA/PA/PI)

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