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|Title:||Understanding megathrust behaviour over the earthquake cycle through inversion of geodetic data and dynamic modelling||Authors:||Qiu, Qiang||Keywords:||DRNTU::Science::Geology||Issue Date:||2016||Source:||Qiu, Q. (2016). Understanding megathrust behaviour over the earthquake cycle through inversion of geodetic data and dynamic modelling. Doctoral thesis, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.||Abstract:||I here present three studies that depict megathrust behavior over different time periods of the seismic cycle. First, I present a study on how the local morphology of a fault can control the extent of seismic rupture, and how these morphological bounds can modify the rupture dynamics within a seismic cycle. Second, I investigate postseismic deformation following recent large earthquakes of the Sumatra subduction zone to probe the rheology of the mantle wedge flow. Lastly, I examine the spatial and temporal afterslip of the 2005 Mw 8.6 Nias-Simeulue earthquake, using joint inversion of long GPS time series for both afterslip and viscoelastic processes. I assess the spatial distribution of the afterslip relative to an updated coseismic slip distribution for this event. My results are important for understanding seismic and tsunami hazard on megathrusts; they help to understand why fully locked patches sometimes rupture only partially, and the relative contributions of coseismic slip and afterslip in relieving fault stress.||URI:||http://hdl.handle.net/10356/69080||Fulltext Permission:||open||Fulltext Availability:||With Fulltext|
|Appears in Collections:||ASE Theses|
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