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Title: The bi-directional causality between financial variables and business cycle
Authors: Lim, Guan Wei
Pua, Robin Suan Jin
Tee, Guang Ying
Keywords: DRNTU::Social sciences::Economic theory
Issue Date: 2017
Abstract: Our paper aims to document how macroeconomic conditions and financial variables can influence and affect each other. In the first part of our paper, we study how the business cycle affects various financial variables; in particular how firms’ debt and equity issuance changes over the business cycle. We find that both debt and equity issuance are pro-cyclical for small firms. For large firms, debt issuance is pro-cyclical whereas equity issuance of large firms may be weakly pro-cyclical or counter-cyclical depending on which definition of net equity issuance is used. This suggests that large firms may be able to substitute between different financing methods during different phases of the business cycle. In the second part of our paper, we reversed our direction to study how various financial variables affect the business cycle; in particular the feasibility of predicting business cycles using financial variables. We find that in both Probit and Logit model, change in capital expenditure in property, plant and equipment has statistical significant effect on the probability of recession occurrence. Although the impact is about 0.2% increase in probability of recession for every 1% increase in change in capital expenditure in property, plant and equipment, our model is able to classify 75.16% of the data correctly.
Rights: Nanyang Technological University
Fulltext Permission: restricted
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:HSS Student Reports (FYP/IA/PA/PI)

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