Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: The effects of happy and sad emojis on liking of message sender in the context of positive and negative messages
Authors: Lee, Si Hui
Ngaw, Lydia
Ng, Lay Ling
Peh, Jin Chang
Keywords: DRNTU::Humanities
Issue Date: 2017
Abstract: The present study investigates the interaction between emojis and verbal messages in affecting liking of a message sender in computer-mediated communication (CMC). Through a pilot study and main study, we developed an emotion-based taxonomy of 68 emojis and then examined the effects of emoji and verbal message valence on liking of the message sender. A 2 (Positive/Negative Verbal Message) × 3 (Happy/Sad/Absent Emoji) pretest-posttest experiment was conducted among university students (N = 320) in Singapore, where participants rated a hypothetical message sender based on a simulated WhatsApp message. Overall, we find that aligned with prior research on emoticons, message senders who use emojis are more liked. In accordance with the verbal-nonverbal consistency principle, we also find a greater liking for message senders who have consistent emotional cues in their messages. In addition, interpretations of messages with inconsistent cues are discussed and possible avenues for future research are proposed.
Rights: Nanyang Technological University
Fulltext Permission: restricted
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:WKWSCI Student Reports (FYP/IA/PA/PI/CA)

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
  Restricted Access
SCI16032 (Main report)378.5 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
  Restricted Access
SCI16032 (Appendices)1.11 MBAdobe PDFView/Open

Page view(s) 50

Updated on Jun 23, 2021

Download(s) 20

Updated on Jun 23, 2021

Google ScholarTM


Items in DR-NTU are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.