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Title: Multifactorial heterogeneity of virus-specific T cells : Complex relationships during the progression of human chronic hepatitis B infection
Authors: Cheng, Yang
Keywords: DRNTU::Science::Biological sciences::Microbiology::Immunology
Issue Date: 2018
Source: Cheng, Y. (2018). Multifactorial heterogeneity of virus-specific T cells : Complex relationships during the progression of human chronic hepatitis B infection. Doctoral thesis, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
Abstract: Human chronic viral infection is associated with T cell dysfunction and persistent yet highly variable viral burden. How such viral antigen-driven disease persistently reshapes the state of antigen-specific T cells by sustaining expression of inhibitory receptors remains unclear. By coupling mass cytometry and a highly multiplexed combinatorial pMHC tetramer staining strategy, we simultaneously probed 484 unique HLA-A*1101-restricted T cell epitopes spanning the entire hepatitis B virus (HBV) genome on CD8+ T cells from chronic hepatitis B patients across various clinical stages. We explored several novel epitope candidates and highlighted diverse cellular profiles on dominant epitopes. Together with the analysis of virus-specific TCR repertoires, various methods of high-dimensional phenotypic analysis of exhaustion and memory markers were explored in relation to HBV disease progression. We identified an immunodominant HBVcore169-specific CD8+ T cell population, and their memory and multi-functional profiles were linked to viral clearance. Additionally, T cells dysfunctionality was not linearly correlated with the reciprocal accumulation of multiple inhibitory receptors. This report works toward unraveling the unprecedented degree of antigen-specific T cell heterogeneity and T cell exhaustion during natural viral infection.
DOI: 10.32657/10356/73169
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:SBS Theses

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