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Title: 发展的迷思及推土机经济下的文化瓦砾 :谈马来西亚边佳兰反公害运动 = The myth of development and the rubble after demolition : a study on the Pengerang environmental movement
Authors: 张钰婵 Tew, Yu Chan
Keywords: DRNTU::Humanities
Issue Date: 2018
Abstract: 公害,指个人或组织为追求自身的利益,对社会与公共环境造成的影响与破坏,包括环境污染、土地征用等。2011 年,马来西亚首相纳吉宣布将在柔佛州边佳兰打造“石油提炼与石化综合发展计划”,计划打造国内第二个液化天然气接收和再气化终站。为此,发展当局强行征用边佳兰的海域与土地,不仅对自然生态造成破坏,也影响居民的生活环境与生计。拥有两百多年渔村历史的边佳兰土地上扎根着社群世代积累的生活记忆,石化发展无形中牺牲了边佳兰的人文史迹,更将边佳兰居民从一个生活机能完善的社区连根拔起。因此,边佳兰社群在反对与抵抗石化工程的同时,也致力维护边佳兰的人文史迹。本论文以新社会运动作为理解运动的框架,从文化实践的角度探讨运动中的艺术创作。本论文将以马华作家许裕全的短篇小说《边佳兰唱本》与摄影师林威义的摄影作品系列为研究案例,对文本进行细读与分析,讨论艺术作品内容对运动产生的论述,并结合媒体对运动的官方论述讨论艺术作品对运动的贡献与重要性。Public nuisance is the pursuit of individual interest which poses significant hazard to the public welfare. This includes environmental pollution, land acquisition etc. In 2011, the Prime Minister of Malaysia Najib Razak launched the Refinery and Petrochemical Integrated Development (RAPID) project in Pengerang, Johor, which aims to transform Southern Johor into the second Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) regasification terminal in Malaysia. Hence, the authority exercised a compulsory acquisition to the land and territorial sea in Pengerang which caused negative effects to the local environment and the residents’ daily living. As such, this 200-year old historical fishing village would have to face challenges imposed by the development, as RAPID would inevitably sacrifice the cultural heritage in Pengerang and disrupt the routine of neighbourhood. Therefore, the Pengerang community demonstrated their opposition to the project implementation with the objective to preserve their precious cultural heritage. This thesis will be viewing the heritage preservation of Pengerang environmental movement through the perspective of New Social Movement, while exploring a study on the cultural practice and artefacts in the movement. To study the aforementioned artefacts, close reading to a short story titled Bian Jia Lan Chang Ben written by Malaysian Chinese writer Hoo Joo Chuan and photography series shot by Singapore-based photographer Wilfred Lim will also be conducted. Through analyzing the movement discourse in each text, the contribution and importance of the cultural artefacts in the movement will be examined with reference to their official discourse from media
Rights: Nanyang Technological University
Fulltext Permission: restricted
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:HSS Student Reports (FYP/IA/PA/PI)

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