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|Title:||Extracellular vesicles are rapidly purified from human plasma by PRotein Organic Solvent PRecipitation (PROSPR)||Authors:||Gallart-Palau, Xavier
Wong, Andrew See Weng
Lai, Mitchell K. P.
Chen, Christopher P.
Kon, Oi Lian
Sze, Siu Kwan
|Issue Date:||2015||Source:||Gallart-Palau, X., Serra, A., Wong, A. S. W., Sandin, S., Lai, M. K. P., Chen, C. P., et al. (2015). Extracellular vesicles are rapidly purified from human plasma by PRotein Organic Solvent PRecipitation (PROSPR). Scientific Reports, 5, 14664-.||Series/Report no.:||Scientific Reports||Abstract:||Extracellular vesicles (EVs) such as exosomes and microvesicles mediate intercellular communication and regulate a diverse range of crucial biological processes. Host cells that are damaged, infected or transformed release biomarker-containing EVs into the peripheral circulation, where they can be readily accessed for use in diagnostic or prognostic testing. However, current methods of EV isolation from blood plasma are complex and often require relatively large sample volumes, hence are inefficient for widespread use in clinical settings. Here, we report a novel and inexpensive method of rapidly isolating EVs from small volumes of human blood plasma by PRotein Organic Solvent PRecipitation (PROSPR). PROSPR encompasses a rapid three-step protocol to remove soluble proteins from plasma via precipitation in cold acetone, leaving the lipid-encapsulated EVs behind in suspension. This generates higher purity EVs that can then be obtained from filtration or classical ultracentrifugation methods. We foresee that PROSPR-based purification of EVs will significantly accelerate the discovery of new disease biomarkers and the characterization of EVs with potential for clinical applications.||URI:||https://hdl.handle.net/10356/79250
|ISSN:||2045-2322||DOI:||10.1038/srep14664||Rights:||This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/||Fulltext Permission:||open||Fulltext Availability:||With Fulltext|
|Appears in Collections:||SBS Journal Articles|
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