Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/79459
Title: A novel three-dimensional spherical CuBi2O4 consisting of nanocolumn arrays with persulfate and peroxymonosulfate activation functionalities for 1H-benzotriazole removal
Authors: Oh, Wen-Da
Lua, Shun-Kuang
Dong, Zhili
Lim, Teik-Thye
Keywords: DRNTU::Engineering::Environmental engineering::Water treatment
Issue Date: 2015
Source: Oh, W.-D., Lua, S.-K., Dong, Z., & Lim, T.-T. (2015). A novel three-dimensional spherical CuBi2O4 consisting of nanocolumn arrays with persulfate and peroxymonosulfate activation functionalities for 1H-benzotriazole removal. Nanoscale, 7(17), 8149-8158.
Series/Report no.: Nanoscale
Abstract: A novel CuBi2O4 consisting of self-assembled spherical nanocolumn arrays (CuB-H) was synthesized via a facile hydrothermal method. It was further modified by controlling the Cu:Bi ratio during synthesis to become an efficient bi-functional catalyst (CuB-2.5) activated persulfate (PS) and peroxymonosulfate (PMS) for 1H-benzotriazole (BTZ) removal. Characterization of CuB-2.5 using XRD, FESEM, FTIR, BET and XPS revealed that it was morphologically similar to CuB-H and the molecular formula, as determined from the XRD results, was Cu1.2Bi1.6O3.6 with 2.4% w/w of CuO. The CuB-2.5 catalyst exhibited superior performance for BTZ removal via PS and PMS activations over the Cu2+ (aq.), CuO, CuBi2O4 (CuB-M, microsphere) and CuB-H. The performance of CuB-2.5 was investigated at different initial PS/PMS dosages, initial catalyst loadings and initial BTZ concentrations. Interestingly, it was found that the inter- and intra-molecular hydrogen bondings play prominent roles in the BTZ removal mechanism in both the PS and PMS systems. Meanwhile, it is relatively easy to activate PMS, leading to a faster BTZ removal rate over the PS system. The intermediate products of BTZ degradation produced from the PS and PMS systems were similar, indicating a similar degradation pathway. The catalyst could still retain its morphology and can be reused multiple times. Keywords: Persulfate activation; Peroxymonosulfate activation; Sulfate radical; Hydroxyl radical; Benzotriazole.
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/79459
http://hdl.handle.net/10220/38309
ISSN: 2040-3364
DOI: 10.1039/C5NR01428J
Rights: © 2015 The Royal Society of Chemistry. This is the author created version of a work that has been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by Nanoscale, The Royal Society of Chemistry. It incorporates referee’s comments but changes resulting from the publishing process, such as copyediting, structural formatting, may not be reflected in this document. The published version is available at: [http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C5NR01428J].
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:CEE Journal Articles
MSE Journal Articles
NEWRI Journal Articles

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