Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/80401
Title: Scaffold mediated gene knockdown for neuronal differentiation of human neural progenitor cells
Authors: Chooi, Wai Hon
Ong, William
Murray, Aoife
Lin, Junquan
Nizetic, Dean
Chew, Sing Yian
Keywords: DRNTU::Engineering::Bioengineering
DRNTU::Science::Medicine::Biomedical engineering
Issue Date: 2018
Source: Chooi, W. H., Ong, W., Murray, A., Lin, J., Nizetic, D., & Chew, S. Y. (2018). Scaffold mediated gene knockdown for neuronal differentiation of human neural progenitor cells. Biomaterials Science, 6(11), 3019-3029. doi:10.1039/c8bm01034j
Series/Report no.: Biomaterials Science
Abstract: The use of human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived neural progenitor cells (hiPSC-NPCs) is an attractive therapeutic option for damaged nerve tissues. To direct neuronal differentiation of stem cells, we have previously developed an electrospun polycaprolactone nanofiber scaffold that was functionalized with siRNA targeting Re-1 silencing transcription factor (REST), by mussel-inspired bioadhesive coating. However, the efficacy of nanofiber-mediated RNA interference on hiPSC-NPCs differentiation remains unknown. Furthermore, interaction between such cell-seeded scaffolds with injured tissues has not been tested. In this study, scaffolds were optimized for REST knockdown in hiPSC-NPCs to enhance neuronal differentiation. Specifically, the effects of two different mussel-inspired bioadhesives and transfection reagents were analyzed. Scaffolds functionalized with RNAiMAX Lipofectamine-siREST complexes enhanced the differentiation of hiPSC-NPCs into TUJ1+ cells (60% as compared to 22% in controls with scrambled siNEG after 9 days) without inducing high cytotoxicity. When cell-seeded scaffolds were transplanted to transected spinal cord organotypic slices, similar efficiency in neuronal differentiation was observed. The scaffolds also supported the migration of cells and neurite outgrowth from the spinal cord slices. Taken together, the results suggest that this scaffold can be effective in enhancing hiPSC-NPC neuronal commitment by gene-silencing for the treatment of injured spinal cords.
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/80401
http://hdl.handle.net/10220/46516
ISSN: 2047-4830
DOI: 10.1039/C8BM01034J
Rights: © 2018 Royal Society of Chemistry. This is the author created version of a work that has been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by Biomaterials Science, Royal Society of Chemistry. It incorporates referee’s comments but changes resulting from the publishing process, such as copyediting, structural formatting, may not be reflected in this document. The published version is available at: [http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c8bm01034j].
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:LKCMedicine Journal Articles
SCBE Journal Articles

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