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Title: 从“良知’’到“孔矩’’:论阳明后学三教合一 观之衍变 = From ‘Inner knowledge’ to ‘Confucian rules’ : evolution of 'three teaching in one' discourses among Yangming scholars
Authors: 魏月萍Ngoi, Guat Peng
Keywords: DRNTU::Humanities::Philosophy::Chinese
Issue Date: 2008
Source: Ngoi, G. P. (2008). From ‘Inner knowledge’ to ‘Confucian rules’ : evolution of 'Three Teaching in One' discourses among Yangming scholars. History of Chinese philosophy, 4, 95-104.
Series/Report no.: History of Chinese philosophy
Abstract: 本文以阳明后学为研究主体,试图疏理明中叶后三教合一的衍变形态,并论证它呈现出从“以良知范围三教”到“以孔矩收摄二氏”的思想转折。这个思想转折揭示了晚明儒者的三教合一观,不再以“如何确立良知主体”为主体意识,反之,鉴于当时的合流过度强调教体的“圆融性”,对教法“规范性”有所疏略,导致“儒不儒、禅不禅、玄不玄”的三教相滥现象层出不穷,社会伦理秩序继而受到挑战。因此一些儒者尝试回到三教根源处,重新确立以孔子之道为规范的合流原则,以期能解决当时的失序危机。 然从以“良知’’为主体到以“孔矩”为规范融合主张的转变过程,也明显地透露了两大值得思考的讯息:一、部分阳明后学开始逾越以“良知”为主导的思想观念,寻求另外的思想出路;二、学者欲表述孔子无言之天道,加强了儒家“宗教性”的向度。
Schools: School of Humanities and Social Sciences 
Rights: © 2008 History of Chinese Philosophy. This paper was published in History of Chinese Philosophy and is made available as an electronic reprint (preprint) with permission of History of Chinese Philosophy. The paper can be found at the following URL: [].  One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper is prohibited and is subject to penalties under law.
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:HSS Journal Articles

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