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Title: Localizing ethnic entrepreneurship : “Chinese” chips shops in Belgium, “traditional” food culture, and transnational migration in Europe
Authors: van Dongen, Els
Keywords: Localization
Ethnic Entrepreneurship
Issue Date: 2018
Source: van Dongen, E. (2018). Localizing ethnic entrepreneurship : “Chinese” chips shops in Belgium, “traditional” food culture, and transnational migration in Europe. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 1-19. doi:10.1080/01419870.2018.1540788
Series/Report no.: Ethnic and Racial Studies
Abstract: This article explores the causes, dynamics, and theoretical implications of the “localization” of ethnic entrepreneurship through “traditional” food businesses in Europe. Based on fieldwork conducted in 2014 and 2017, it analyses the emergence of “Chinese” chips shops in the Flemish province of Antwerp, Belgium. Highlighting the history of Chinese migration to Europe, it argues that a specific set of “contexts of exit” and “contexts of reception” explain this development. Important among these are Dutch language skills and long-term residence or citizenship in the Netherlands and Belgium, market saturation, and the global financial crisis of 2007-2008. The article posits that these Chinese entrepreneurs are neither “enclave entrepreneurs” nor a “middleman minority”: entering a “traditional” food sector, they must leverage on their “integration capital.” However, with this, they also become entangled in Belgian gastronationalism and gastropolitics. Finally, this “localization” also has a transnational dimension as many of these entrepreneurs re-migrated from the Netherlands.
ISSN: 0141-9870
DOI: 10.1080/01419870.2018.1540788
Schools: School of Humanities 
Rights: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Ethnic and Racial Studies on 13 Nov 2018, available online:
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:SoH Journal Articles

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