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Title: Binary metal sulfides and polypyrrole on vertically aligned carbon nanotube arrays/carbon fiber paper as high-performance electrodes
Authors: Cai, Xiaoyi
Hansen, Reinack Varghese
Zhang, Lili
Li, Baosheng
Poh, Chee Kok
Lim, San Hua
Chen, Luwei
Yang, Jinglei
Lai, Linfei
Lin, Jianyi
Shen, Zexiang
Keywords: Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Issue Date: 2015
Source: Cai, X., Hansen, R. V., Zhang, L., Li, B., Poh, C. K., Lim, S. H., et al. (2015). Binary metal sulfides and polypyrrole on vertically aligned carbon nanotube arrays/carbon fiber paper as high-performance electrodes. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 3(44), 22043-22052.
Series/Report no.: Journal of Materials Chemistry A
Abstract: Pseudocapacitive materials, such as binary metal sulfides, show great promise as electrode candidates for energy storage devices due to their higher specific capacitance than that of mono-metal sulfides and binary metal oxides, but generally suffer from low energy densities when assembled in supercapacitor devices. To push the energy density limit of pseudocapacitive materials in devices, a new class of electrode materials with favorable architectures is strongly needed. Here, rationally designed and coaxially grown Ni–Co–S and polypyrrole on vertically aligned carbon nanotube (VA-CNT) arrays/3D carbon fiber paper (CFP) is presented as a novel freestanding electrode for energy storage devices. Our study has revealed that the catalyst preparation is the key step and the presence of an Al2O3 buffer layer is essential for the growth of VA-CNTs. The 3D hierarchical VA-CNTs/CFP allows high areal loading and high utilization efficiency of the active materials. The binder-free asymmetric energy storage devices with Ni–Co–S/VA-CNTs/CFP as the positive electrode and polypyrrole/VA-CNTs/CFP as the negative electrode, respectively, demonstrate a high energy density of 82 W h kg−1 at 200 W kg−1.
ISSN: 2050-7488
DOI: 10.1039/C5TA05961E
Rights: © 2015 Royal Society of Chemistry.
Fulltext Permission: none
Fulltext Availability: No Fulltext
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