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Title: Note: Electrochemical cell for in operando X-ray diffraction measurements on a conventional X-ray diffractometer
Authors: Hartung, Steffen
Bucher, Nicolas
Bucher, Ramona
Srinivasan, Madhavi
Keywords: X-ray diffraction
Issue Date: 2015
Source: Hartung, S., Bucher, N., Bucher, R., & Srinivasan, M. (2015). Note: Electrochemical cell for in operando X-ray diffraction measurements on a conventional X-ray diffractometer. Review of Scientific Instruments, 86(8), 086102-.
Series/Report no.: Review of Scientific Instruments
Abstract: Electrochemical in operando X-ray diffraction (XRD) is a powerful method to analyze structural changes of energy storage materials while inserting/de-inserting charge carriers, such as Li- or Na-ions, into/from a host structure. The design of an XRD in operando cell is presented, which enables the use of thin (6 μm) aluminum foil as X-ray window as a non-toxic alternative to conventional beryllium windows. Owing to the reduced thickness, diffraction patterns and their changes during cycling can be observed with excellent quality, which was demonstrated for two cathode materials for sodium-ion batteries in a half-cell set-up, P2-Na0.7MnO2 and Na2.55V6O16⋅0.6H2O.
ISSN: 0034-6748
DOI: 10.1063/1.4926465
Schools: School of Materials Science & Engineering 
Rights: © 2015 AIP Publishing LLC. This paper was published in Review of Scientific Instruments and is made available as an electronic reprint (preprint) with permission of AIP Publishing LLC. The paper can be found at the following official DOI: []. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper is prohibited and is subject to penalties under law.
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
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