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dc.contributor.authorToh, Jia Yingen
dc.contributor.authorHan, Wee Mengen
dc.contributor.authorLee, Yung Sengen
dc.contributor.authorRebello, Salome A.en
dc.contributor.authorGodfrey, Keith M.en
dc.contributor.authorChong, Mary Foong-Fongen
dc.contributor.authorYip, Graceen
dc.contributor.authorFok, Dorisen
dc.contributor.authorLow, Yen-Lingen
dc.contributor.authorSaw, Seang-Meien
dc.contributor.authorKwek, Kennethen
dc.contributor.authorChong, Yap-Sengen
dc.identifier.citationToh, J. Y., Yip, G., Han, W. M., Fok, D., Low, Y.-L., Lee, Y. S., et al. (2016). Infant Feeding Practices in a Multi-Ethnic Asian Cohort: The GUSTO Study. Nutrients, 8, 293-.en
dc.description.abstractThe optimal introduction of complementary foods provides infants with nutritionally balanced diets and establishes healthy eating habits. The documentation of infant feeding practices in multi-ethnic Asian populations is limited. In a Singapore cohort study (GUSTO), 842 mother-infant dyads were interviewed regarding their feeding practices when the infants were aged 9 and 12 months. In the first year, 20.5% of infants were given dietary supplements, while 5.7% took probiotics and 15.7% homeopathic preparations. At age 9 months, 45.8% of infants had seasonings added to their foods, increasing to 56.3% at 12 months. At age 12 months, 32.7% of infants were given blended food, although 92.3% had begun some form of self-feeding. Additionally, 87.4% of infants were fed milk via a bottle, while a third of them had food items added into their bottles. At both time points, more than a third of infants were provided sweetened drinks via the bottle. Infants of Indian ethnicity were more likely to be given dietary supplements, have oil and seasonings added to their foods and consumed sweetened drinks from the bottle (p < 0.001). These findings provide a better understanding of variations in infant feeding practices, so that healthcare professionals can offer more targeted and culturally-appropriate advice.en
dc.description.sponsorshipNMRC (Natl Medical Research Council, S’pore)en
dc.format.extent17 p.en
dc.rights© 2016 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) license (
dc.subjectFeeding practicesen
dc.titleInfant Feeding Practices in a Multi-Ethnic Asian Cohort: The GUSTO Studyen
dc.typeJournal Articleen
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Biological Sciencesen
dc.description.versionPublished versionen
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