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Title: A post-transcriptional mechanism pacing expression of neural genes with precursor cell differentiation status
Authors: Dai, Weijun
Li, Wencheng
Hoque, Mainul
Li, Zhuyun
Tian, Bin
Makeyev, Eugene V.
Keywords: Biological sciences
Cell biology
Issue Date: 2015
Source: Dai, W., Li, W., Hoque, M., Li, Z., Tian, B., & Makeyev, E. V. (2015). A post-transcriptional mechanism pacing expression of neural genes with precursor cell differentiation status. Nature Communications, 6, 7576-.
Series/Report no.: Nature Communications
Abstract: Nervous system (NS) development relies on coherent upregulation of extensive sets of genes in a precise spatiotemporal manner. How such transcriptome-wide effects are orchestrated at the molecular level remains an open question. Here we show that 3′-untranslated regions (3′ UTRs) of multiple neural transcripts contain AU-rich cis-elements (AREs) recognized by tristetraprolin (TTP/Zfp36), an RNA-binding protein previously implicated in regulation of mRNA stability. We further demonstrate that the efficiency of ARE-dependent mRNA degradation declines in the neural lineage because of a decrease in the TTP protein expression mediated by the NS-enriched microRNA miR-9. Importantly, TTP downregulation in this context is essential for proper neuronal differentiation. On the other hand, inactivation of TTP in non-neuronal cells leads to dramatic upregulation of multiple NS-specific genes. We conclude that the newly identified miR-9/TTP circuitry limits unscheduled accumulation of neuronal mRNAs in non-neuronal cells and ensures coordinated upregulation of these transcripts in neurons.
DOI: 10.1038/ncomms8576
Schools: School of Biological Sciences 
Rights: © 2015 Macmillan Publishers Limited. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
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