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Title: Optical bistability in shape-memory nanowire metamaterial array
Authors: Nagasaki, Yusuke
Gholipour, Behrad
Ou, Jun-Yu
Tsuruta, Masanori
Plum, Eric
MacDonald, Kevin F.
Takahara, Junichi
Zheludev, Nikolay I.
Keywords: DRNTU::Science::Physics
Optical Bistability
Issue Date: 2018
Source: Nagasaki, Y., Gholipour, B., Ou, J.-Y., Tsuruta, M., Plum, E., MacDonald, K. F., . . . Zheludev, N. I. (2018). Optical bistability in shape-memory nanowire metamaterial array. Applied Physics Letters, 113(2), 021105-. doi:10.1063/1.5025400
Series/Report no.: Applied Physics Letters
Abstract: Non-volatile temperature-induced structural phase transitions such as those found in chalcogenide glasses are known to lead to strong changes in optical properties and are widely used in rewritable optical disk technology. Herein, we demonstrate that thermally activated optical memory can be achieved via the nanostructural reconfiguration of a metallic nanowire metamaterial array made from a shape-memory alloy: A nickel-titanium film of nanoscale thickness structured on the subwavelength scale exhibits bistability of its optical properties upon temperature cycling between 30 °C and 210 °C. The structure, comprising an array of NiTi nanowires coated with a thin film of gold to enhance its plasmonic properties, can exist in two non-volatile states presenting an optical reflectivity differential of 12% via nanoscale mutual displacements of alternating nanowires in the structure. Such all-metal shape-memory photonic gratings and metamaterials may find applications in bistable optical devices.
ISSN: 0003-6951
DOI: 10.1063/1.5025400
Schools: School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences 
Research Centres: Centre for Disruptive Photonic Technologies (CDPT) 
The Photonics Institute 
Rights: © 2018 The Author(s). All rights reserved. This paper was published by AIP Publishing in Applied Physics Letters and is made available with permission of The Author(s).
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:SPMS Journal Articles

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