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Title: Mechanical response of common millet (Panicum miliaceum) seeds under quasi-static compression: Experiments and modeling
Authors: Hasseldine, Benjamin P. J.
Gao, Chao
Collins, Joseph M.
Jung, Hyun-Do
Jang, Tae-Sik
Song, Juha
Li, Yaning
Keywords: Common millet
Issue Date: 2017
Source: Hasseldine, B. P. J., Gao, C., Collins, J. M., Jung, H. -D., Jang, T. -S., Song, J., et al. (2017). Mechanical response of common millet (Panicum miliaceum) seeds under quasi-static compression: Experiments and modeling. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, 73, 102-113.
Series/Report no.: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Abstract: The common millet (Panicum miliaceum) seedcoat has a fascinating complex microstructure, with jigsaw puzzle-like epidermis cells articulated via wavy intercellular sutures to form a compact layer to protect the kernel inside. However, little research has been conducted on linking the microstructure details with the overall mechanical response of this interesting biological composite. To this end, an integrated experimental-numerical-analytical investigation was conducted to both characterize the microstructure and ascertain the microscale mechanical properties and to test the overall response of kernels and full seeds under macroscale quasi-static compression. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was utilized to examine the microstructure of the outer seedcoat and nanoindentation was performed to obtain the material properties of the seedcoat hard phase material. A multiscale computational strategy was applied to link the microstructure to the macroscale response of the seed. First, the effective anisotropic mechanical properties of the seedcoat were obtained from finite element (FE) simulations of a microscale representative volume element (RVE), which were further verified from sophisticated analytical models. Then, macroscale FE models of the individual kernel and full seed were developed. Good agreement between the compression experiments and FE simulations were obtained for both the kernel and the full seed. The results revealed the anisotropic property and the protective function of the seedcoat, and showed that the sutures of the seedcoat play an important role in transmitting and distributing loads in responding to external compression.
ISSN: 1751-6161
DOI: 10.1016/j.jmbbm.2017.01.008
Schools: School of Chemical and Biomedical Engineering 
Rights: © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. This is the author created version of a work that has been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, Elsevier. It incorporates referee’s comments but changes resulting from the publishing process, such as copyediting, structural formatting, may not be reflected in this document. The published version is available at: [].
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:SCBE Journal Articles

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