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Title: Situating local stakeholders within national disaster governance structures : rebuilding urban neighbourhoods following the 2015 Nepal earthquake
Authors: Daly, Patrick
Ninglekhu, Sabin
Hollenbach, Pia
Duyne Barenstein, Jennifer
Nguyen, Dori
Keywords: Decentralization
Disaster Governance
Science::Geology::Volcanoes and earthquakes
Issue Date: 2017
Source: Daly, P., Ninglekhu, S., Hollenbach, P., Duyne Barenstein, J., & Nguyen, D. (2017). Situating local stakeholders within national disaster governance structures : rebuilding urban neighbourhoods following the 2015 Nepal earthquake. Environment and Urbanization, 29(2), 403-424. doi:10.1177/0956247817721403
Series/Report no.: Environment and Urbanization
Abstract: A 7.8-magnitude earthquake struck Nepal on 25 April 2015, killing nearly 9,000 people and destroying half a million homes. This paper analyses the effectiveness of Nepali government institutions managing the reconstruction. Using institutional ethnography, we analyse how the post-earthquake governance framework has incorporated the flexibility and decentralization outlined in pre-earthquake plans. We balance this with observations from five case study urban settlements in the Kathmandu Valley to provide a “bottom-up” perspective on how local stakeholders are engaged in rebuilding their communities. The creation of ad hoc national-level disaster management agencies can weaken already under-resourced local governance structures. The Nepal case study reveals that national disaster management plans drafted after the Hyogo and Sendai frameworks, which promote the decentralization of disaster governance, are not necessarily followed up with practical steps to empower local stakeholders and facilitate decentralization – and are readily dismissed in the face of a real emergency.
ISSN: 0956-2478
DOI: 10.1177/0956247817721403
Research Centres: Earth Observatory of Singapore 
Rights: © 2017 International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED). This article is available under the Creative Commons CC-BY-NC license and permits non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:EOS Journal Articles

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