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dc.contributor.authorWu, Boen
dc.contributor.authorNguyen, Huy Tiepen
dc.contributor.authorKu, Zhiliangen
dc.contributor.authorHan, Guifangen
dc.contributor.authorGiovanni, Daviden
dc.contributor.authorMathews, Nripanen
dc.contributor.authorFan, Hong Jinen
dc.contributor.authorSum, Tze Chienen
dc.identifier.citationWu, B., Nguyen, H. T., Ku, Z., Han, G., Giovanni, D., Mathews, N., et al. (2016). Discerning the Surface and Bulk Recombination Kinetics of Organic–Inorganic Halide Perovskite Single Crystals. Advanced Energy Materials, 6(14), 1600551-.en
dc.description.abstractOrganic–inorganic halide perovskite single crystals possess many outstanding properties conducive for photovoltaic and optoelectronic applications. However, a clear photophysics picture is still elusive, particularly, their surface and bulk photophysics are inexorably convoluted by the spectral absorbance, defects, coexisting photoexcited species, etc. In this work, an all-optical study is presented that clearly distinguishes the surface kinetics from those of the bulk in the representative methylammonium-lead bromide (MAPbBr3) and -lead iodide (MAPbI3) single crystals. It is found that the bulk recombination lifetime of the MAPbBr3 single crystal is shortened significantly by approximately one to two orders (i.e., from ≈34 to ≈1 ns) at the surface with a surface recombination velocity of around 6.7 × 103 cm s−1. The surface trap density is estimated to be around 6.0 × 1017 cm−3, which is two orders larger than that of the bulk (5.8 × 1015 cm−3). Correspondingly, the diffusion length of the surface excited species is ≈130–160 nm, which is considerably reduced compared to the bulk value of ≈2.6–4.3 μm. Furthermore, the surface region has a wider bandgap that possibly arises from the strong lattice deformation. The findings provide new insights into the intrinsic photophysics essential for single crystal perovskite photovoltaics and optoelectronic devices.en
dc.description.sponsorshipNRF (Natl Research Foundation, S’pore)en
dc.description.sponsorshipMOE (Min. of Education, S’pore)en
dc.relation.ispartofseriesAdvanced Energy Materialsen
dc.rights© 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.en
dc.subjectbulk photophysicsen
dc.subjectcharge kineticsen
dc.titleDiscerning the Surface and Bulk Recombination Kinetics of Organic–Inorganic Halide Perovskite Single Crystalsen
dc.typeJournal Articleen
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Materials Science & Engineeringen
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Physical and Mathematical Sciencesen
dc.contributor.researchEnergy Research Institute @NTUen
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