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Title: High-intensity two-frequency photoassociation spectroscopy of a weakly bound molecular state : theory and experiment
Authors: Kon, W. Y.
Aman, J. A.
Hill, J. C.
Killian, T. C.
Hazzard, Kaden R. A.
Keywords: Photoassociation
Issue Date: 2019
Source: Kon, W. Y., Aman, J. A., Hill, J. C., Killian, T. C., & Hazzard, K. R. A. (2019). High-intensity two-frequency photoassociation spectroscopy of a weakly bound molecular state : theory and experiment. Physical Review A, 100(1), 013408-. doi:10.1103/PhysRevA.100.013408
Series/Report no.: Physical Review A
Abstract: We investigate two-frequency photoassociation of a weakly bound molecular state, focusing on a regime where the AC Stark shift is comparable to the halo-state energy. In this “high-intensity” regime, we observe features absent in low-intensity two-frequency photoassociation. We experimentally measure the spectra of 86Sr atoms coupled to the least bound state of the 86Sr2 ground electronic channel through an intermediate electronically excited molecular state. We compare the spectra to a simple three-level model that includes a two-frequency drive on each leg of the transition. With numerical solution of the time-dependent Schrödinger equation, we show that this model accurately captures (1) the existence of experimentally observed satellite peaks that arise from nonlinear processes, (2) the locations of the two-photon peak in the spectrum, including AC Stark shifts, and (3) in some cases, spectral line shapes. To better understand these numerical results, we develop an approximate treatment of this model, based on Floquet and perturbation theory, that gives simple formulas that accurately capture the halo-state energies. We expect these expressions to be valuable tools to analyze and guide future two-frequency photoassociation experiments.
ISSN: 2469-9926
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.100.013408
Schools: School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences 
Rights: © 2019 American Physical Society. All rights reserved. This paper was published in Physical Review A and is made available with permission of American Physical Society
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:SPMS Journal Articles

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