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Title: Closing oil palm yield gaps among Indonesian smallholders through industry schemes, pruning, weeding and improved seeds
Authors: Lee, Janice Ser Huay
Soliman, T.
Lim, F. K. S.
Carrasco, L. R.
Keywords: Biodiversity
Land Sparing
Science::Biological sciences::Ecology
Issue Date: 2016
Source: Soliman, T., Lim, F. K. S., Lee, J. S. H., & Carrasco, L. R. (2016). Closing oil palm yield gaps among Indonesian smallholders through industry schemes, pruning, weeding and improved seeds. Royal Society Open Science, 3(8), 160292-. doi:10.1098/rsos.160292
Series/Report no.: Royal Society Open Science
Abstract: Oil palm production has led to large losses of valuable habitats for tropical biodiversity. Sparing of land for nature could in theory be attained if oil palm yields increased. The efficiency of oil palm smallholders is below its potential capacity, but the factors determining efficiency are poorly understood. We employed a two-stage data envelopment analysis approach to assess the influence of agronomic, supply chain and management factors on oil palm production efficiency in 190 smallholders in six villages in Indonesia. The results show that, on average, yield increases of 65% were possible and that fertilizer and herbicide use was excessive and inefficient. Adopting industry-supported scheme management practices, use of high-quality seeds and higher pruning and weeding rates were found to improve efficiency. Smallholder oil palm production intensification in Indonesia has the capacity to increase production by 26%, an equivalent of 1.75 million hectares of land.
DOI: 10.1098/rsos.160292
Schools: Asian School of the Environment 
Rights: © 2016 The Authors. Published by the Royal Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, provided the original author and source are credited.
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:ASE Journal Articles

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