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Title: Species-specific biodegradation of sporopollenin-based microcapsules
Authors: Fan, Teng-Fei
Potroz, Michael G.
Tan, Ee-Lin
Miyako, Eijiro
Cho, Nam-Joon
Mohammed Shahrudin Ibrahim
Keywords: Materials Chemistry
Science::Biological sciences
Issue Date: 2019
Source: Fan, T.-F., Potroz, M. G., Tan, E.-L., Mohammed Shahrudin Ibrahim, Miyako, E., & Cho, N.-J. (2019). Species-specific biodegradation of sporopollenin-based microcapsules. Scientific Reports, 9(1), 9626. doi:10.1038/s41598-019-46131-w
Series/Report no.: Scientific Reports
Abstract: Sporoderms, the outer layers of plant spores and pollen grains, are some of the most robust biomaterials in nature. In order to evaluate the potential of sporoderms in biomedical applications, we studied the biodegradation in simulated gastrointestinal fluid of sporoderm microcapsules (SDMCs) derived from four different plant species: lycopodium (Lycopodium clavatum L.), camellia (Camellia sinensis L.), cattail (Typha angustifolia L.), and dandelion (Taraxacum officinale L.). Dynamic image particle analysis (DIPA) and field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) were used to investigate the morphological characteristics of the capsules, and Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy was used to evaluate their chemical properties. We found that SDMCs undergo bulk degradation in a species-dependent manner, with camellia SDMCs undergoing the most extensive degradation, and dandelion and lycopodium SDMCs being the most robust.
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-46131-w
Rights: © 2019 The Author(s). This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
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