Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/84813
Title: Characterization of Glutamine Deamidation by Long-Length Electrostatic Repulsion-Hydrophilic Interaction Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry (LERLIC-MS/MS) in Shotgun Proteomics
Authors: Serra, Aida
Gallart-Palau, Xavier
Wei, Juan
Sze, Siu Kwan
Keywords: Deamidation
Glutamine
Issue Date: 2016
Source: Serra, A., Gallart-Palau, X., Wei, J., & Sze, S. K. (2016). Characterization of Glutamine Deamidation by Long-Length Electrostatic Repulsion-Hydrophilic Interaction Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry (LERLIC-MS/MS) in Shotgun Proteomics. Analytical Chemistry, 88(21), 10573-10582.
Series/Report no.: Analytical Chemistry
Abstract: Deamidation of glutamine (Gln) residues is a spontaneous or enzymatic process with significant implications in aging and human pathology. Although some methods are available to identify the γ/α-glutamyl products of deamidation, none of these methods allows the characterization of this post-translational modification (PTM) from complex biological samples by shotgun proteomics. Here we present LERLIC-MS/MS, a chromatographic strategy that uses a long (50 cm) anion-exchange capillary column operating in the electrostatic repulsion-hydrophilic interaction mode (ERLIC) and coupled directly to tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) for proteome analysis in a single injection. Profiling of soluble extracts of brain tissues by LERLIC-MS/MS distinguished for the first time γ/α-glutamyl isomers of deamidation, encountering a 1.7 γ/α-glutamyl ratio for most Gln deamidation products. A detailed analysis of any deviation from that observed ratio allowed the identification of transglutaminase-mediated γ-glutamyl isomers as intermediate products of transamidation. Furthermore, LERLIC-MS/MS was able to simultaneously separate Gln and asparagine (Asn) deamidation products even for those peptides showing multiple deamidated proteoforms. The characterization of Asn deamidated residues by LERLIC-MS/MS also uncovered novel PIMT (protein L-isoaspartyl methyltransferase) substrate proteins in human brain tissues that deviated from the expected 3:1 isoAsp/Asp ratio. Taken together, our results demonstrate that LERLIC-MS/MS can be used to perform an in-depth study of protein deamidation on a global proteome scale. This new strategy should help to elucidate the biological implications of deamidation in aging and disease conditions.
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/84813
http://hdl.handle.net/10220/43602
ISSN: 0003-2700
DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.6b02688
Rights: © 2016 American Chemical Society. This is an open access article published under an ACS AuthorChoice License, which permits copying and redistribution of the article or any adaptations for non-commercial purposes.
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:SBS Journal Articles

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