Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/85083
Title: 论《后汉书》之“论赞”于“迁固之道”的突破 = Study on the breakthrough of Lun and Zan in history of Eastern Han to Sima Qian and Ban Gu
Authors: 曲景毅 Qu, Jingyi
关天辰 Guan, Tianchen
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Chinese Literature and History Press
Source: Qu, J., & Guan, T. (2014). 论《后汉书》之“论赞”于“迁固之道”的突破(Study on the Breakthrough of Lun and Zan in History of Eastern Han to Sima Qian and Ban Gu), in Zhang, D., Tian, Z. & Chen, X. (eds.),《〈史记〉论丛》 [Study on Shiji], Beijing: Chinese Literature and History Press, China, 11, 67-77.
Abstract: 唐代著名史学家刘知几在《史通·论赞》篇中云:“《春秋左氏传》每有发论,假君子以称之,二《传》云公羊子、谷梁子,《史记》云太史公。既而班固曰赞,荀悦曰论,《东观》曰序,谢承曰诠,陈寿曰评,王隐曰议,何法盛曰述,扬雄曰撰,刘曰奏,袁宏、裴子野自显姓名,皇甫谧、葛洪列其所号。史官所撰,通称史臣。其名万殊,其义一揆。必取便于时者,则总归论赞焉。”①这里,刘知几为我们梳理了论赞的流变。与此同时,他还指出史书论赞的写作规范是由司马迁与班固共同确立起来的。如“司马迁始,限以篇终,各书一论”②,说明“论”是附以篇末的位置;又举司马迁的“太史公曰”与班固的“赞”,说明论赞“事无重出,文省可知”③的写作原则。刘知几称此为“迁固之道”,他批评范晔,“爰洎范晔,始革其流,遗弃史才,矜行文彩。后来所作,他皆若斯。于是迁、固之道忽诸,微婉之风替矣”④。然而清代文史学家李慈铭却言:“自汉以后,蔚宗最为良史,删繁举要,多得其宜,其论赞剖别贤否,指陈得失,皆有特见,远过马、班、陈寿,余不足论矣。”⑤对范晔《后汉书》论赞的推崇备至,谓之远远超过司马迁和班固。
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/85083
http://hdl.handle.net/10220/42102
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
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