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Title: Mussel-inspired approach to cross-linked functional 3D nanofibrous aerogels for energy-efficient filtration of ultrafine airborne particles
Authors: Zhang, Youfang
Zeng, Zhihui
Ma, Daphne Xiu Yun
Zhao, Chenyang
Ang, Jia Ming
Ng, Bing Feng
Wan, Man Pun
Wong, Shing-Chung
Wang, Zhe
Lu, Xuehong
Keywords: DRNTU::Engineering::Materials
Issue Date: 2019
Source: Zhang, Y., Zeng, Z., Ma, D. X. Y., Zhao, C., Ang, J. M., Ng, B. F., ... Lu, X. (2019). Mussel-inspired approach to cross-linked functional 3D nanofibrous aerogels for energy-efficient filtration of ultrafine airborne particles. Applied Surface Science, 479700-708. doi:10.1016/j.apsusc.2019.02.173
Journal: Applied Surface Science
Abstract: Polymer aerogels fabricated using conventional methods typically have relatively narrow mono-modal pore size distribution (PSD), and relatively thick and tight pore walls. Herein, inspired by mussel glue, cross-linked threedimensional (3D) polyacrylonitrile (PAN) nanofibrous aerogels (NFAs) with ultrahigh porosity, hierarchical porous structures, and good compression resistance are successfully fabricated via electrospinning, facile polydopamine (PDA) coating and crosslinking by ferric ions (Fe3+) followed by freeze-drying. Morphology characterization andcompression tests showthatboth multiplehydrogen bondingfacilitated bythePDA coating and Fe3+-PDA coordination bonding could effectively induce the formation of inter-fiber junctions, enhancing compression resistanceofthe3DNFAsandleadingtohierarchical porousstructureswithaverywidePSD.When a thin layer of the optimized 3D NFA with a large specific surface area (85.7m2g−1) is combined with a commercial air filter, the composite filter obtained exhibits high filtration efficiencies of 99.72% and 99.85% for airborne particles with sizes of<100nm and<500nm, respectively, at a low pressure drop of only 54.1Pa. The results show that the cross-linked NFAs could act as a highly efficient air filter for ultrafine particles while not increasing the overall pressure-drop significantly, which are due to the good adhesive properties of PDA, electrostatic charge induced by Fe3+, and high porosity and hierarchical porous structures of the 3D NFAs.
ISSN: 0169-4332
DOI: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2019.02.173
Rights: © 2019 Elsevier. All rights reserved. This paper was published in Applied Surface Science and is made available with permission of Elsevier.
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:MAE Journal Articles
MSE Journal Articles

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