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Title: Effect of cross-flow velocity, oil concentration and salinity on the critical flux of an oil-in-water emulsion in microfiltration
Authors: Tanudjaja, Henry Jonathan
Tarabara, Volodymyr V.
Fane, Anthony Gordon
Chew, Jia Wei
Keywords: Direct Observation Through the Membrane
Issue Date: 2017
Source: Tanudjaja, H. J., Tarabara, V. V., Fane, A. G., & Chew, J. W. (2017). Effect of cross-flow velocity, oil concentration and salinity on the critical flux of an oil-in-water emulsion in microfiltration. Journal of Membrane Science, 530, 11-19.
Series/Report no.: Journal of Membrane Science
Abstract: Microfiltration is an attractive means for treating oily wastewater, especially when the size of the oil droplets are micrometer-sized since the conventional techniques become deficient. A systematic study on the critical flux of oil-in-water emulsion, which behaves differently from other colloidal foulants with regards to deformation, coalescence and splitting, has not been carried out to date. This was the goal of the current study, which employed the Direct Observation Through the Membrane (DOTM) technique to characterize the critical flux of oil-in-water emulsions of various concentrations, and at various cross-flow velocities (CFV) and salt concentrations. Five observations can be highlighted here. Firstly, the oil droplets with a mean droplet diameter of approximately 5 µm exhibited critical fluxes equal to or greater than latex particles of 10 µm. This is likely due to the twin effects of membrane oleophobicity promoting back-transport of the oil foulant from the membrane and the presence of a droplet size distribution with larger drops that can enhance the shear-induced diffusion of the average drops. Secondly, the critical flux values did not agree with the model that is valid for the size range the mean droplet diameter falls in, but instead agreed with the model adapted for smaller particulate foulants. Thirdly, the increase in the critical flux with CFV was more significant for the lower oil concentration. Fourthly, a striping phenomenon was observed at higher oil concentrations and lower CFV values. Striping was not observed for latex particles. Fifthly, the critical flux decreased with salt concentration. These findings highlight the unique fouling behavior of oil-in-water emulsions in microfiltration.
ISSN: 0376-7388
DOI: 10.1016/j.memsci.2017.02.011
Rights: © 2017 Elsevier.
Fulltext Permission: none
Fulltext Availability: No Fulltext
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