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Title: Digital education of health professionals on the management of domestic violence : systematic review and meta-analysis by the digital health education collaboration
Authors: Ho, Andy Hau Yan
Campbell, James
Feder, Gene
Car, Josip
Bajpai, Ram
Divakar, Ushashree
Nazeha, Nuraini
Posadzki, Pawel
Jarbrink, Krister
Keywords: Social sciences::Education
Systematic Reviews
Issue Date: 2019
Source: Divakar, U., Nazeha, N., Posadzki, P., Jarbrink, K., Bajpai, R., Ho, A. H. Y., . . . Car, J. (2019). Digital education of health professionals on the management of domestic violence : systematic review and meta-analysis by the digital health education collaboration. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 21(5), e13868-. doi:10.2196/13868
Series/Report no.: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Abstract: Background: The World Health Organization states that 35% of women experience domestic violence at least once during their lifetimes. However, approximately 80% of health professionals have never received any training on management of this major public health concern. Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of health professions digital education on domestic violence compared to that of traditional ways or no intervention. Methods: Seven electronic databases were searched for randomized controlled trials from January 1990 to August 2017. The Cochrane Handbook guideline was followed, and studies reporting the use of digital education interventions to educate health professionals on domestic violence management were included. Results: Six studies with 631 participants met our inclusion criteria. Meta-analysis of 5 studies showed that as compared to control conditions, digital education may improve knowledge (510 participants and 5 studies; standardized mean difference [SMD] 0.67, 95% CI 0.38-0.95; I2=59%; low certainty evidence), attitudes (339 participants and 3 studies; SMD 0.67, 95% CI 0.25-1.09; I2=68%; low certainty evidence), and self-efficacy (174 participants and 3 studies; SMD 0.47, 95% CI 0.16-0.77; I2=0%; moderate certainty evidence). Conclusions: Evidence of the effectiveness of digital education on health professionals’ understanding of domestic violence is promising. However, the certainty of the evidence is predominantly low and merits further research. Given the opportunity of scaled transformative digital education, both further research and implementation within an evaluative context should be prioritized.
ISSN: 1439-4456
DOI: 10.2196/13868
Rights: © 2019 Ushashree Divakar, Nuraini Nazeha, Pawel Posadzki, Krister Jarbrink, Ram Bajpai, Andy Hau Yan Ho, James Campbell, Gene Feder, Josip Car. Originally published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research (, 23.05.2019. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work, first published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research, is properly cited. The complete bibliographic information, a link to the original publication on, as well as this copyright and license information must be included.
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:LKCMedicine Journal Articles

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