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dc.contributor.authorWu, Bingen
dc.contributor.authorLi, Yifeien
dc.contributor.authorLim, Weikangen
dc.contributor.authorLee, Shi Linen
dc.contributor.authorGuo, Qimingen
dc.contributor.authorFane, Anthony G.en
dc.contributor.authorLiu, Yuen
dc.identifier.citationWu, B., Li, Y., Lim, W., Lee, S. L., Guo, Q., Fane, A. G., et al. (2017). Single-stage versus two-stage anaerobic fluidized bed bioreactors in treating municipal wastewater: Performance, foulant characteristics, and microbial community. Chemosphere, 171,158-167.en
dc.description.abstractThis study examined the receptive performance, membrane foulant characteristics, and microbial community in the single-stage and two-stage anaerobic fluidized membrane bioreactor (AFMBR) treating settled raw municipal wastewater with the aims to explore fouling mechanisms and microbial community structure in both systems. Both AFMBRs exhibited comparable organic removal efficiency and membrane performances. In the single-stage AFMBR, less soluble organic substances were removed through biosorption by GAC and biodegradation than those in the two-stage AFMBR. Compared to the two-stage AFMBR, the formation of cake layer was the main cause of the observed membrane fouling in the single-stage AFMBR at the same employed flux. The accumulation rate of the biopolymers was linearly correlated with the membrane fouling rate. In the chemical-cleaned foulants, humic acid-like substances and silicon were identified as the predominant organic and inorganic fouants respectively. As such, the fluidized GAC particles might not be effective in removing these substances from the membrane surfaces. High-throughout pyrosequencing analysis further revealed that beta-Proteobacteria were predominant members in both AFMBRs, which contributed to the development of biofilms on the fluidized GAC and membrane surfaces. However, it was also noted that the abundance of the identified dominant in the membrane surface-associated biofilm seemed to be related to the permeate flux and reactor configuration.en
dc.description.sponsorshipNRF (Natl Research Foundation, S’pore)en
dc.description.sponsorshipEDB (Economic Devt. Board, S’pore)en
dc.format.extent34 p.en
dc.rights© 2016 Elsevier Ltd. This is the author created version of a work that has been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by Chemosphere, Elsevier Ltd. It incorporates referee’s comments but changes resulting from the publishing process, such as copyediting, structural formatting, may not be reflected in this document. The published version is available at: [].en
dc.subjectAnaerobic MBRen
dc.subjectBacterial Diversityen
dc.titleSingle-stage versus two-stage anaerobic fluidized bed bioreactors in treating municipal wastewater: Performance, foulant characteristics, and microbial communityen
dc.typeJournal Articleen
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Civil and Environmental Engineeringen
dc.contributor.researchNanyang Environment and Water Research Instituteen
dc.contributor.researchSingapore Membrane Technology Centreen
dc.contributor.researchAdvanced Environmental Biotechnology Centre (AEBC)en
dc.description.versionAccepted versionen
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