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Title: An experimental investigation of single droplet impact cooling on hot enhanced surfaces fabricated by selective laser melting
Authors: Wang, X.W.
Ho, Jin Yao
Leong, Kai Choong
Keywords: Leidenfrost Point
Film Boiling
Issue Date: 2018
Source: Wang, X., Ho, J., & Leong, K. (2018). An experimental investigation of single droplet impact cooling on hot enhanced surfaces fabricated by selective laser melting. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 120, 652-670.
Series/Report no.: International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Abstract: Water droplets on eight different enhanced surfaces were experimentally investigated to determine the droplet impact behaviors and their effects on the cooling performances of these enhanced surfaces. The surfaces were fabricated using selective laser melting (SLM), which is an Additive Manufacturing (AM) technique that uses a high power-density laser to melt and fuse metallic powders together. In the experiments, the surface material is an aluminum alloy (AlSi10Mg) and the liquid is water. The droplet diameter was maintained at 2.4 mm, impact Weber numbers of 28, 122 and 202 were used and the droplet frequencies ranged from 0.79 Hz to 3.97 Hz. These surfaces, which were heated above the Leidenfrost temperature, were investigated at incidence angles of 90° and 45° and their results were compared against a smooth surface. Using high speed imaging, the evolutions of droplet dynamics on the heated surfaces were determined and the effects of the droplets’ behavior on the cooling performances of the enhanced surfaces were elucidated. Our results showed that fin density played an important role in the droplet dynamics. When the fin density was high, the integrity of the droplet can be maintained after impact. On the other hand, increasing the fin height can usually improve the droplet heat transfer on clavate fin surface. For the Low density and the Globe surfaces (cylindrical + clavate), the droplets could be trapped on the fin surfaces which enhanced cooling. A combination of film boiling and nucleate boiling was observed on the Low density, the Clavate fins and the Globe fin surfaces. From transient cooling curves obtained for the various surfaces, it was determined that the Globe, High clavate and Low density surfaces demonstrated significantly better cooling performances as compared to the other enhanced and smooth surfaces. The best cooling performance was achieved with the Globe surface at We=121, f=3.97 and θ=90°.
ISSN: 0017-9310
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2017.12.033
Rights: © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. This is the author created version of a work that has been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Elsevier Ltd. It incorporates referee’s comments but changes resulting from the publishing process, such as copyediting, structural formatting, may not be reflected in this document. The published version is available at: [].
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
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