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Title: Synergetic development assessment of urban river system landscapes
Authors: Qiao, Jingya
Wang, Mo
Zhang, Dongqing
Ding, Chenyang
Wang, Jingjing
Xu, Dawei
Keywords: Synergetics
Urban River System Landscapes
Issue Date: 2017
Source: Qiao, J., Wang, M., Zhang, D., Ding, C., Wang, J., & Xu, D. (2017). Synergetic Development Assessment of Urban River System Landscapes. Sustainability, 9(12), 2145-.
Series/Report no.: Sustainability
Abstract: This paper presents Synergetic Development Assessment (SDA) as a methodology to evaluate the environmental, economic, and social performance of an urban river system landscape from the perspective of sustainability. SDA is based on synergetics and its “order parameters” theory, proposed as a science to study the self-organization of complex systems. A case study of river system landscapes in China was carried out by, first, simplifying the composite system into three subsystems: environmental, economic, and social; then, going on to construct a hierarchical structure to explore the order parameters as the evaluation index. The Analytic Hierarchy Process was used to get the weight of the evaluation index to complete the assessment index system. At the same time, a Sequential Synergy Degree Model was built to accomplish the SDA. We find that from 2005 to 2015, the order degree of the environmental subsystem developed slowly, with fluctuations, and that river pattern is the key factor. Meanwhile, the order degree of the economic subsystem fluctuated widely, which significantly depended on the changing value of water resources, and the order degree of social subsystem improved continuously, with social culture lagging far behind. As a whole, the synergy degree of the composite system developed orderly at a corresponding low level, which was in low synergy from 2005 to 2009 and then in general synergy up to 2015.
DOI: 10.3390/su9122145
Rights: © 2017 by The Author(s). Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:NEWRI Journal Articles

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