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Title: Microfluidics-based microbubbles in methylene blue solution for photoacoustic and ultrasound imaging
Authors: Das, Dhiman
Sivasubramanian, Kathyayini
Yang, Chun
Pramanik, Manojit
Keywords: Contrast Agents
Issue Date: 2018
Source: Das, D., Sivasubramanian, K., Yang, C., & Pramanik, M. (2018). Microfluidics-based microbubbles in methylene blue solution for photoacoustic and ultrasound imaging. Proceedings of SPIE - Photons Plus Ultrasound: Imaging and Sensing 2018, 10494, 104944G-.
Abstract: Contrast agents which can be used for more than one bio-imaging technique has gained a lot of attention from researchers in recent years. In this work, a microfluidic device employing a flow-focusing junction, is used for the continuous generation of monodisperse nitrogen microbubbles in methylene blue, an optically absorbing organic dye, for dual-modal photoacoustic and ultrasound imaging. Using an external phase of polyoxyethylene glycol 40 stearate (PEG 40), a non-ionic surfactant, and 50% glycerol solution at a flow rate of 1 ml/hr and gas pressure at 1.75 bar, monodisperse nitrogen microbubbles of diameter 7 microns were obtained. The external phase also contained methylene blue hydrate at a concentration of 1 gm/litre. The monodisperse microbubbles produced a strong ultrasound signal as expected. It was observed that the signal-to-noise (SNR) ratio of the photoacoustic signal for the methylene blue solution in the presence of the monodisperse microbubbles was 68.6% lower than that of methylene blue solution in the absence of microbubbles. This work is of significance because using microfluidics, we can precisely control the bubbles’ production rate and bubble size which increases ultrasound imaging efficiency. A uniform size distribution of the bubbles will have narrower resonance frequency bandwidth which will respond well to specific ultrasound frequencies.
DOI: 10.1117/12.2287606
Rights: © 2018 Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). This paper was published in Proceedings of SPIE - Photons Plus Ultrasound: Imaging and Sensing 2018 and is made available as an electronic reprint (preprint) with permission of SPIE. The published version is available at: []. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper is prohibited and is subject to penalties under law.
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
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