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Title: Holocene relative sea-level records from coral microatolls in Western Borneo, South China Sea
Authors: Majewski, Jędrzej M.
Switzer, Adam Douglas
Meltzner, Aron Jeffrey
Parham, Peter R.
Horton, Benjamin Peter
Bradley, Sarah L.
Pile, Jeremy
Chiang, Hong-Wei
Wang, Xianfeng
Ng, Chiew Tyiin
Tanzil, Jani
Müller, Moritz
Mujahid, Aazani
Keywords: Coral Microatolls
Borneo Tectonics
Issue Date: 2018
Source: Majewski, J. M., Switzer, A. D., Meltzner, A. J., Parham, P. R., Horton, B. P., Bradley, S. L., … Mujahid, A. (2018). Holocene relative sea-level records from coral microatolls in Western Borneo, South China Sea. The Holocene, 28(9), 1431-1442. doi:10.1177/0959683618777061
Series/Report no.: The Holocene
Abstract: The spatial variability of Holocene relative sea level (RSL) in the South China Sea is unknown, with data restricted to Thailand, the Malay Peninsula, and a few other isolated sites. In this study, we present new continuous RSL records for Borneo using surveyed and U–Th dated coral microatolls from four sites in western Sarawak. The record spans 450 years of RSL from 7450 to 7000 yr BP. Our data suggest that RSL was higher than present and rapid RSL rise had ceased by 7450 yr BP. We compare these RSL reconstructions with a regional model of glacial-isostatic adjustment (GIA). The RSL reconstructions from three sites off the coast of Sarawak show a spatial gradient opposite to that predicted by the GIA model. This disagreement can best be explained by tectonic deformation since 7000 yr BP, which was previously unrecognized. We propose vertical land motion of 0.7–1.45 m due to slip on the Serabang fault, which runs between our four sites. This slip may have occurred in response to the loading of the Sunda Shelf by rising sea level.
ISSN: 0959-6836
DOI: 10.1177/0959683618777061
Rights: © 2018 The Author(s). This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 License ( which permits non-commercial use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access page (
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
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