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Title: Engineering nanoparticle synthesis using microbial factories
Authors: Pasula, Rupali Reddy
Lim, Sierin
Keywords: Nanoparticle Synthesis
Microbial Reaction Vessels
Issue Date: 2017
Source: Pasula, R. R., & Lim, S. (2017). Engineering nanoparticle synthesis using microbial factories. Engineering Biology, 1(1), 12-17.
Series/Report no.: Engineering Biology
Abstract: Biologically engineered entities have enabled discoveries in the past decade and a half, spanning from novel routes for the syntheses of drugs and value-added products to carbon capture. The precise cellular re-programming has extended to the production of nanomaterials owing to their ever-growing demand. The primary advantage of the biological nanoparticle synthesis is the eco-friendly approach performed at ambient temperature and pressure, where the usage of harsh chemical stabilisers and capping agents is eliminated, providing ease of handling and downstream processing. Although the techniques hold great promise, many short comings hamper their scalability; thus, rendering them unsuitable for industrial applications. A fundamental understanding of the underlying mechanisms which involve various enzymes of different metabolic pathways is most crucial in surmounting these impending blocks leading to successfully engineered systems which can be tuned in accordance with the goals of specific applications. This mini review highlights the recent developments in nanoparticle synthesis that employ the use of microbial reaction vessels with specific emphasis on engineering of these biological entities such as bacteria, yeast, fungi and algae. Also presented are the challenges and future trends in this domain where novel and engineered approaches will be the most consequential.
DOI: 10.1049/enb.2017.0009
Rights: © 2017 The author(s). This is an open access article published by the IET under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License (
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:SCBE Journal Articles

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