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Title: Single-shot condensation of exciton polaritons and the hole burning effect
Authors: Snoke, D. W.
Truscott, A. G.
Estrecho, E.
Gao, T.
Bobrovska, N.
Fraser, M. D.
Steger, M.
Pfeiffer, L.
West, K.
Liew, Timothy Chi Hin
Matuszewski, M.
Ostrovskaya, E. A.
Keywords: DRNTU::Science::Physics
Exciton Polaritons
Single-shot Condensation
Issue Date: 2018
Source: Estrecho, E., Gao, T., Bobrovska, N., Fraser, M. D., Steger, M., Pfeiffer, L., . . . Ostrovskaya, E. A. (2018). Single-shot condensation of exciton polaritons and the hole burning effect. Nature Communications, 9(1), 2944-. doi:10.1038/s41467-018-05349-4
Series/Report no.: Nature Communications
Abstract: A bosonic condensate of exciton polaritons in a semiconductor microcavity is a macroscopic quantum state subject to pumping and decay. The fundamental nature of this driven-dissipative condensate is still under debate. Here, we gain an insight into spontaneous condensation by imaging long-lifetime exciton polaritons in a high-quality inorganic microcavity in a single-shot optical excitation regime, without averaging over multiple condensate realisations. We demonstrate that condensation is strongly influenced by an incoherent reservoir and that the reservoir depletion, the so-called spatial hole burning, is critical for the transition to the ground state. Condensates of photon-like polaritons exhibit strong shot-to-shot fluctuations and density filamentation due to the effective self-focusing associated with the reservoir depletion. In contrast, condensates of exciton-like polaritons display smoother spatial density distributions and are second-order coherent. Our observations show that the single-shot measurements offer a unique opportunity to study fundamental properties of non-equilibrium condensation in the presence of a reservoir.
DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-05349-4
Rights: © 2018 The Author(s). This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
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